How to plant bamboo – Care, planting and requirements
Bamboo is a shrub that is part of the grasses, it is estimated that there are about 1250 species around the world, 50% of them belonging to the American continent. This shrub is able to adapt to different types of soil and habitat. In this article we will know how to plant bamboo and its care.
REQUIREMENTS ON HOW TO PLANT BAMBOO:
WHEN TO PLANT BAMBOO
The plant of the bamboo can be cultivated in different zones, being those tropical species the suitable ones for their culture in zones that begin from the level of the sea to medium altitudes, on the other hand the species of crop of temperate climate can grow in higher altitudes.
The best time to plant the bamboo crop may vary depending on the region where you are and the species. In climates with cold winters should be sown during the spring, time where they are less likely to occur frost. In case of planting during the summer the most recommended is to choose those varieties that are resistant to cold. The vast majority of bamboo crops need to be planted in full sun so they can develop properly.
SOIL FOR THE CULTIVATION OF BAMBOO:
A tip on how to plant bamboo is that it can grow in different soils except in those too flooded soils, however you can have better results if you use sandy soils and drained slopes.
The bamboo plant requires a soil that has a pH between 5.5 and 6.5 . In case of having a lower pH, the soil should be mixed with lime, if it is higher it should be mixed with peat.
WATERING THE BAMBOO PLANT
If your bamboo crop is planted directly on the land, it should be watered 2 times a week until the plant is established . Once we have an established plant, watering should be reduced to once a week. Remember that the cultivation of bamboo is capable of absorbing high amounts of water, which is why it should not be irrigated in excess.
If you have planted the bamboo in pots requires a much more frequent irrigation but without getting a wet soil constantly, as it would produce root rot, causing a slow death of the bamboo crop.
HOW TO SOW BAMBOO
There are many bamboo species identified around the world, which is why the first step on how to plant bamboo is to identify which one best suits the climate where it will be planted . In this case you should ask for the help of someone qualified, this person can be in charge of the nursery where you will acquire the plant.
Once you have chosen and acquired the right variety to grow, you should start to make a hole that is twice as deep as the shoot to be used. Then place the bud in the hole and disperse the roots. Finally fill in the hole carefully avoiding the creation of air bubbles and water to eliminate those unwanted spaces.
In addition to weekly watering an important step on how to plant bamboo is that it requires some shade during the first two weeks after planting.
PLANTATION OF BAMBOO IN POTS
There are many people who wonder if it is possible to grow the bamboo plant in pots. Well the answer is yes, but there are certain differences and in this section you will know the points to take into account on how to plant bamboo in pots.
The first point to consider about how to plant bamboo in pots is that this plant needs to be replanted or divided every 2 to 5 years. This process should be done during the spring to obtain the best results.
Another important point to consider about how to plant bamboo in pots is the size of the pot, because if it is very small it can cause its rupture due to the growth of the roots.
Another problem of being planted in pots is that it will restrict the size of the bamboo. An example of this is Phyllostachys Nigra bamboo that can grow up to 9 m in the ground, but when limited by a pot they can not grow more than 4 m. This also depends a lot on the space since the bigger this better will be its growth.
ENVIRONMENTAL CARE IN POTS
In addition to this, a bamboo planted in a pot becomes very susceptible to environmental stress . This causes greater sensitivity to cold, heat, high winds and limited spaces.
A tip on how to plant bamboo in pots is that this plant should be watered 3 to 5 times a week during the summer, ensuring that the plant has adequate moisture.
Also keep in mind that those bamboos that are sensitive to heat require more care when they are planted in pots, because if the material where it is planted is overheated it can cause great damage to the plant.
Similarly happens in winter because if the pots are exposed to excessive cooling without being protected this plant may end up dying.
Despite all this care, bamboo can be planted in pots and can even be a healthy plant, as long as their needs are met. The best place to be planted can be pots made of wood or those pots that can isolate the root. If you want to use metal pots, you should make sure that they have drainage holes and you can only use those bamboo species that are very resistant.
CARE OF BAMBOO
Once established the plant is very easy to care for. The first care to be taken into account is that it is necessary to water this plant, especially in case there are no rains within a week. Water is necessary since it is absorbed by the roots and promotes a healthy plant, especially during those periods of drought. This is because this plant has water reserves to be used when necessary.
Also be careful not to remove those leaves that are close to the root, as they help keep their roots protected and moist. In addition, these are essential to replenish the soil nutrients that help promote the growth of bamboo.
In order for the bamboo to grow healthy, the roots must be covered with a layer of leaves. Another good advice to promote a good growth of the plant is the use of a layer of fertilizer or fertilizer during the spring.